Microcavity exciton-polariton condensates physics and applications - Na Young Kim

Microcavity exciton-polaritons are hybrid light-matter quasi-particles as an admixture of cavity photons and quantum well excitons. The inherent light-matter duality provides experimental advantages to form coherent condensates at high temperatures (e.g. 4 K in GaAs and room temperature in GaN materials), and to access the dynamics of exciton-polaritons. I will first discuss the characteristics of exciton-polariton condensates with emphasis on their intrinsic open-dissipative nature. I will present exciton-polariton-lattice systems, where we explore the non-zero momentum condensate order. We envision that the polariton-lattice systems would serve as a solid-state platform to investigate strongly correlated materials. Finally, I will show our recent progress on electrically pumped exciton-polariton coherent matter waves towards the development of novel coherent light sources operating at low threshold powers and at high temperatures.