Experimental Demonstration of Adaptive Tomography - Dylan Mahler

In quantum state tomography, an informationally complete set of measurements is made on N identically prepared quantum systems and from these measurements the quantum state can be determined. In the asymptotic limit of large N, the estimation of the state converges on the true state. The rate at which this convergence occurs depends on both the state and the measurements used to probe the state. To characterize the quality of a set of measurements the fidelity of the estimation with the true state, averaged over a prior distribution of states, is used as a figure of merit. It is known that for states very close to the surface of the Bloch sphere, the average infidelity (1-F) goes down with a rate proportional to N-1/2. It has also been shown that there exists a gap between collective measurement protocols and local measurement protocols, but that local adaptive measurement protocols can come close to saturating the collective measurement bound of N-1. Here we present an experimental demonstration of one qubit tomography that achieves a rate of convergence of N-1 with only a single adaptive step and local measurements. Efforts to extend this tomography protocol to arbitrary multipartite states are currently in progress.