Linear-optic two-photon interference with coherent states - Gustavo Amaral

Photon bunching is one of the most celebrated effects of two-photon interference, related to the tendency of indistinguishable photons to take the same path when there is a wave-packet overlapping in a symmetric beam splitter. We explore the two-photon interference phenomena and show that: the spectral characteristics of a light source can be determined with a high resolution Few-Photon Fourier Transform Spectroscopy which proves to be a useful asset for spectral characterization of faint optical sources below the range covered by classical heterodyne beating techniques; a sub-Poisson photon source can be constructed based on weak coherent states by time-tuning a Hong-Ou-Mandel interferometer.